A common fix for website timeout errors is to increase max_execution_time in WordPress.
Usually, WordPress users see the message ‘Fatal error: Maximum execution time of xx seconds exceeded…‘ due to server-side limitations.
At Bobcares, we often get requests from our customers to fix WordPress errors as part of our Server Management Services.
Today, let’s get into the details on how our Support Engineers increase max_execution_time in WordPress.
What leads to max_execution_time related WordPress errors?
Let’s now see more details on what causes the maximum execution time errors.
Every server sets a limit on the maximum time a script can run on the server. When any script exceeds this time limit, the server automatically terminates it. This comes as a default security standard on servers.
In a similar way, WordPress scripts are written in PHP also depends on the server PHP configuration limits. The max_execution_time in PHP is the amount of time that your WordPress site will spend on a single operation before timing out.
The error is the security precaution taken by WordPress. By default, the maximum execution time for PHP is set as 30 seconds. When a script reaches the maximum execution time limit of 30 sec, then it results in maximum execution time exceeded error.
How to Increase max_execution_time in WordPress?
At Bobcares, where we have more than a decade of expertise in managing servers, we often see similar WordPress errors.
Now, let’s see how our Support Engineers increase max_execution_time in WordPress by different methods.
- altering directive in PHP.ini file
- Editing WordPress configuration file wp-config.php
- using .htaccess file
Altering the PHP settings of a domain counts on the mode in which PHP runs on the server. Therefore, when the customer reports the error, the primary check involves checking the server PHP mode.
1. Altering PHP.ini file
We can edit the websites php.ini file to increase the Maximum Execution Time. Or, if the website uses the server’s main PHP config file, we make changes at /etc/php.ini. This file is the default PHP configuration file.
However, in case of servers running PHP as suPHP or FastCGI, websites will have custom php.ini. You’ll most likely find it in the website root folder. Moreover, the location of the file will vary by host.
As the primary step, we make sure to back up a copy of this file before attempting to edit it.
We then edit the php.ini file and add the following directives to the following values to avoid further PHP errors to the website.
memory_limit = 256M upload_max_size = 64M post_max_size = 64M upload_max_filesize = 64M max_execution_time = 300 max_input_time = 1000
Further, it also requires editing the timeout values in the web server configuration too. WordPress often show it as a warning message for using too low values.
Modifying the server values resolves the problem.
2. Editing wp-config.php
The wp-config.php file is the default configuration file of the WordPress website.
It’s another alternative to the PHP.ini method. Usually, this method is used in the shared hosting companies. Here, according to the need of customers requirement, we increase individually.
We can add/edit the following line in the wp-config.php of your WordPress
3. Editing .htaccess file
Similarly, max_execution_time can be set in the .htaccess file in the WordPress site’s back end.
WordPress uses this file to manipulate how Apache (server) serves files from its root directory and subdirectories. The file is vital and often bad edits break the website.
We add some directives at the end of the file to increase the PHP maximum execution time.
For this, we access the website’s root directory, which contains the wp-config.php file. In cPanel servers, it will be public_html. We then find the .htaccess file.
Thereafter we open it and add the following at the end of the file.
php_value memory_limit 256M php_value upload_max_filesize 64M php_value post_max_size 64M php_value max_execution_time 300 php_value max_input_time 1000
Finally, we save the changes made.
Then restart the Apache service.
service apache2 restart
That solves the error with maximum execution time.
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In short, the methods to increase max_execution_time in WordPress involves altering PHP.ini file, editing wp-config.php, editing .htaccess, etc. Today, we saw how our Support Engineers help our customers fix this problem.